If you’ve picked up this brochure because you or your child has itchy, scaly red skin - and you think it might be eczema - then you’re probably on the right track. Eczema, sometimes called atopic dermatitis, is a pretty common skin problem, especially in young babies and children.

In fact, it’s sometimes called ‘infantile’ or ‘baby’ eczema because a lot of babies and infants, about 15%, are affected by it. Luckily, the condition usually improves as children get older and most grow out of it altogether.

People who have eczema will know that it isn’t very pleasant. It can be itchy, uncomfortable and make you feel downright horrible. Eczema can’t be cured, but it can be treated to make you, or the person who has it, feel much more comfortable. We’ve written this brochure to tell you about some of the different things you can do to manage eczema.

What does it look like?

Eczema can basically be described as very itchy and dry red skin. In bad patches, eczema can make your skin weepy, cracked and sore.

Eczema in babies tends to start on their face and later appear on the fronts of their knees and ankles. For toddlers and older children, rashes are mainly found behind the knees and on the inside of their wrists and elbows.

Because eczema is so itchy, your child will naturally want to scratch it. Scratching can make the skin thicken and dry. It might also break the skin, making it easy for a secondary infection to start.